Web developer from Sydney Australia. Currently using asp.net, mvc where possible.

Monday, October 25, 2010

Unit Testing – MsBuild Series

This post is going to walk through the steps of adding unit testing to our build script. This post is assuming that you already have a MsBuild script setup that you can run from the command line. Otherwise you might want to look at my previous post on setting up a build file for Visual Studio:

1) Change the output path for Test projects

The first thing to do is to change the output path for the test project (or projects). We do this so that the testing binaries to are separated from the release binaries. Below is a screen shot of the directory being changed inside visual studio.

Change output Directory For Test Projects

Things to note:

2) NUnit Target

For running our tests I am going to use the “MsBuld.Community.Tasks” NUnit Task. We have been using other Tasks from the “MsBuld.Community.Tasks” so we already have the targets and dll that are needed for these tasks (see this post for details on getting the Community Tasks setup).

So, now we just define our NUnit target as follows:
<Target Name="NUnit">
        <TestAssembly Include="$(BuildOutputDir)\Test\*.test.dll" />
    <Message Text="NUnit is running on: @(TestAssembly)" />
    <Nunit ToolPath=".\Tools\NUnit" Assemblies="@(TestAssembly)" />

<Target Name="Test" DependsOnTargets="NUnit">
    <Message Text="Testing code" />

Things to note:
  • I have created two targets “Test” & “NUnit” which is not necessary if your only using NUnit. However, I did this so that it's easy to add other targets for different testing frameworks such as MbUnit, xUnit, Mspec etc. (if you using multiple test frameworks make sure you checkout gallio)
  • The TestAssembly ItemGroup will grab any assembly that ends with Test. 
  • The nunit console runner and lib directory have been copied to "[Project Dir]\Tools\NUnit"

The necessary nunit binaries have been copied into “[Project Root]\Tools\Nunit”. Normally I just copy “nunit-console.exe” , “nunit-console.exe.config” and the entire Lib directory.

3) Incorporate the Test target into the main build file

We now have the Test target so we all we need to do is have our default build target depend on our Test target, as follows:
<Target Name="Build" DependsOnTargets="Clean; VersionSolutionInfo; Compile; Test; Zip-Source; Zip-Binaries; NuPack">
<Message Text="Clean, VersionSolutionInfo, Compile, Test, Zip-Source, Zip-Binaries, NuPack"/>
Now when we run our build the code is tested before creating our zips or NuPack (or should I say Nuget).

Testing Code

NB: Please check the reference files for full copies of the build targets used in this series so far


This is the fifth post in the MsBuild series.

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